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11 July, 2018

Faciliter le dialogue politique public-privé dans le secteur de l’huile d’olive approuvé en 2016
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10 July, 2018

Amélioration de la qualité et de l'efficacité des aliments en Tunisie et au Maroc
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06 April, 2017

Agricultural co-operatives in the Mediterranean
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Public Private Dialogue in the Egyptian Grain Sector

Public Private Dialogue in the Egyptian Grain Sector

Wheat is essential to Egypt.  It accounts for over 60 percent of imported grains in a country that imports more grain than any other.  Grown as a winter crop, it occupies nearly half the winter crop area. 
It is a fundamental part of Egyptian culture and a strong contributor to national food security. Almost two thirds of the total wheat supply is used to produce baladi bread, which is heavily subsidized by the government . Egypt is the largest wheat importer in the world.

EBRD and FAO are facilitating public-private dialogue to improve the policy and regulatory environment in the Egyptian wheat sector.  In 2015,  a wheat sector review in Egypt was conducted in order to understand the full set of challenges facing the sector and identify opportunities for enhancing policy dialogue and technical assistance in the country. The review highlights a number of areas that could benefit from an exchange of expertise between the public and the private sector. Most of them relate to the bottlenecks in the system of purchasing both domestic and imported wheat, and problems with the quality and efficiency of storage.

The objective of the project is to increase private sector participation in Egypt's grain sector. The project is contributing to establishing the base for more effective and proactive public-private policy dialogue in Egypt's grain sector. 

EBRD and FAO are bringing public authorities and private companies around the same table to discuss specific issues affecting sector development.  The recent regulatory changes include:

-          The removal of costly Egyptian inspection requirements at the port of loading for grain exports;

-          Issuing a new government decree on acceptable levels of the ergot fungus and communicating it to Egypt’s trading partners through the World Trade Organization[1].

Important policy changes include improved targeting of the food subsidies through the smart-card system, while the domestic wheat procurement price moved closer to the import parity.  In the 2012-13 grain marketing year, the domestic price for wheat was USD 78 per tonne above the price of imported wheat.  It dropped to less than five dollars per tonne in the 2018-2019 marketing year, thereby reducing market distortions.

The private sector grain suppliers established the Egyptian Grain Suppliers Association (EGSA) in 2017, the first private sector institution that gives a voice to grain suppliers in their discussions with the government.

Technical consultations are an essential part of this ongoing project. Please see below a series of workshops held on targeted topics such as inspection regulations and storage facilities for grain imports, export procedures, sampling, data transparency, phytosanitary measures, and more. 


[1] https://members.wto.org/crnattachments/2018/SPS/EGY/18_0209_00_e.pdf 

Useful resources
document title
a) Egypt: Wheat Sector Review view
b) GIEWS Egypt Brief view
c) Infographic download
d) VIDEO: Public-Private Dialogue in the Egyptian Grain Sector view
Study Tour to Spain, October/November 2018
document title
a) Program of Visits download
b) Project write-up download
c) TARRAGONA - Port of Tarragona presentation download
d) TARRAGONA - Sitasa presentation view
e) TARRAGONA - Control Union presentation
f) TARRAGONA - Cotecna presentation download
g) TARRAGONA - Agrolab presentation download
h) MADRID - Ministry of Agriculture presentation "Veterinary Controls of Imports of Vegetable Grains for Animal Feed" download
i) MADRID - Ministry of Agriculture "Implementation of Phytosanitary Controls on Imports from Non-EU Countries" download
j) MADRID - Confederación Española de Fabricantes de Alimentos Compuestos para Animales (CESFAC) presentation download
k) MALAGA - Institutional Welcome and presentation of the Port of Málaga download
l) MALAGA - Málagaport S.L. “The grain storage activity in the Port of Málaga and its hinterland relation” download
m) MALAGA - Servimad “The agribulks experience of Servimad Global, the necessary actors and infrastructure” download
n) MALAGA - Proacsa “Engineering and design of warehousing or horizontal silo” download
o) MALAGA - Silos Córdoba “Advantages of vertical silos” download
p) PHOTO GALLERY (curated set) view
q) MORE PHOTOS view
r) VIDEO
s) PRESS AND PUBLIC AWARNESS download
t) PRESS AND PUBLIC AWARENESS PT. 2 download
Workshop on Supply Chain Efficiency and National Food Security, July 2018
document title
a) Agenda download
b) Egypt projected Grain Imports 2018-2028 download
c) Overview on Main Provisions of the World Trade Organization’s Sanitary & Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) download
d) Egyptian Organization for Standardization & Quality (EOS) download
e) National Grain standards download
f) Role of the General Organization for Export & Import Control (GOEIC) download
g) Plant Health System of Egypt – Central Administration of Plant Quarantine download
h) Role of the General Administration of Food Control in the Grain Sector - Ministry Of Health download
i) Role of the National Food Safety Authority (NFSA) download
j) PRESS AND PUBLIC AWARENESS download
Workshop on Grain Market Data Availability and Quality in Egypt, July 2018
document title
a) Agenda download
b) Grain Market Data Availability, Quality and Transparency in Egypt download
c) FAO Global Early Warning Analysis (GIEWS ) - Market Analysis download
d) Methodology for preparing grain data of planted areas, yield and production in Egypt download
e) Methodology for preparing grain importation data in Egypt download
f) Methodology for preparing statistics on agricultural data download
g) Methodology for preparing statistics on agricultural data Part II on imports and exports download
h) Current and Future Wheat Silos Capacities" download
i) PRESS AND PUBLIC AWARENESS download
Workshop on Enhancing the Private Sector Understanding of Phytosanitary Issues, May 2018
document title
a) Agenda download
b) Medium Term Market Development & Global Consumption of Food and Agriculture Products: Implications for Egypt download
c) Overview on Main Provisions of the World Trade Organization’s Sanitary & Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) download
d) Overview on the International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) download
e) WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement download
f) Pest Risk Analysis : Concept, Framework and Methodology and Case study (Quick PRA of Ergot) download
g) Recent Experience on adjusting phytosanitary measures pursuant to the SPS Agreement download
h) PHOTO GALLERY of the Workshop and Press Roundtable & Interviews view
i) VIDEO: Public-Private Dialogue in the Egyptian Grain Sector view
j) PRESS AND PUBLIC AWARENESS download
Training on grain inspection and sampling, October 2017
document title
Fumigation download
Regulated pests download
Sampling and inspection pratices download
Wheat impurities download
Wheat quality download
Securing the future of Baladi Bread Conference, May 2016
document title
Conference website view
Media Coverage download
Workshop on Improving the Wheat Import Supply Chain, June 2015
document title
Agenda download
SGS grain inspection ability - O.Onischenko, SGS Ukraine download
Wheat Sector Issues in Egypt ? Opportunities for Dialogue- P. Talks, FAO download
Workshop on phytosanitary measures in grain imports, September 2015
document title
Agenda download
Import verification- O. Sosa, International Plant Protection Convention download
Pest risk analysis, the new guidance- A. Peralta, International Plant Protection Conventio download
Weed risk assessment - Dr Hassanein, Weed research laboratory download