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Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates production by capture
Country tons
Morocco
Egypt
Tunisia
Jordan
1,136,240
385,209
97,743
486
Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates production by aquaculture
Country tons
Egypt
Tunisia
Morocco
Jordan
919,585
5,424
1,522
541
Fish, crustaceans, molluscs and other aquatic invertebrates production total
Country tons
Egypt
Morocco
Tunisia
Jordan
1,304,794
1,137,762
103,167
1,027
Source: FAO

Fisheries & Aquaculture

Fisheries & Aquaculture
Fish and seafood are a low-fat source of high-quality protein that is also packed with essential nutrients for the brain, heart and immune system. Worldwide, fish and fishery products are among the most traded food commodities, with developing countries continuing to account for the bulk of world exports. There are two methods by which fish and fishery products are harvested: capture fisheries/commercial fishing and aquaculture. 

There are two methods by which fish and seafood are harvested: 

  • Commercial fishing, or capture fisheries, is the activity of harvesting wild fish and seafood for commercial profit, mostly from wide fisheries. Overall global capture fisheries production remains stable at about 90 million tonnes.   
  • Aquaculture is the farming (breeding, rearing, and harvesting) of fish and other aquatic organisms under marine and freshwater controlled conditions. In the last three decades (1980-2010), world food fish production of aquaculture has expanded by almost 12 times at an average annual rate of 8.8 percent.  
Fisheries and aquaculture make crucial contributions to the world’s well-being and constitute an important source of nutritious food and animal protein for much of the world’s population.  

Fisheries and aquaculture make crucial contributions to the world’s well-being and prosperity. In addition to providing an importance source of nutritious food and animal protein for much of the world’s population, the sector provides livelihoods and income, both directly and indirectly, for a significant share of the world’s population. Aquaculture is set to become one of the fastest-growing animal food-producing sectors and, in the next decade, total production from both capture and aquaculture will exceed that of beef, pork, or poultry. 


The Mediterranean Sea is an important commercial fishing ground and contains around 900 fish species, 100 of which are commercially exploited, many of which have a high market value. With both the Atlantic and Mediterranean coastlines, commercial fishing in Morocco is the largest in Africa and accounts for 55 percent of agricultural and 15 percent of total exports, producing over a million tons of fish every year and employing over 100,000 people. Egypt’s rich, lakes, rivers, coastal lagoons and open sea make the fishery sector a vital part of the national culture and economy and is a key ingredient in the nation’s food supply and potential export earnings. Aquaculture is the single most important source of fish production in the country and accounts for 65% of total fish production with over 99 percent from privately owned farms. Aquaculture in Egypt is recognized as the only sector within fisheries that can provide for the increasing demand of fish and is developing rapidly from a traditional family-run business into a modern industry. Tunisia occupies a central place in the Mediterranean and the fisheries sector contributes to about 9% of the value of agriculture. Jordan’s fishing industry is still small and is located at Aqaba on the Red Sea Coast.  
Sector resources