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Main milk and dairy products produced in the MedAgri region (2010 figures)
Skimmed cow milk
Cheese
Butter
Main milk and dairy product imports to the MedAgri region (2010 figures)
Skimmed milk powder
Butter and ghee
Cheese of whole cow milk
Skimmed milk powder: imports to the MedAgri region in 2010
1000 tonnes
Egypt 45
Jordan 12
Morocco 9
Tunisia 4
Source: FAOSTAT
Butter: imports to the MedAgri region in 2012
1000 tonnes
Egypt 110
Morocco 26
Jordan 2.2
Tunisia 0.2
Cheese: imports to the MedAgri region in 2012
1000 tonnes
Egypt 75
Jordan 20.5
Morocco 12
Tunisia 2.5
Cheese: exports from the MedAgri region in 2012
1000 tonnes
Egypt 130
Morocco 17
Tunisia 5
Jordan 3.5
Source: FAO

Milk and Dairy

Milk and Dairy
Regional butter figures in the MedAgri region for 2010:
  • The MedAgri region produced about 163 thousand tonnes
  • Egypt was the largest producer with about 128 thousand tonnes (78% of total regional production)
  • The MedAgri region imported about 78 thousand tonnes 
  • Egypt was the largest importer with about 50 thousand tonnes (64% of total regional imports)
  • Domestic consumption in the MedAgri region was about 241 thousand tonnes
  • Egypt had the highest domestic consumption with about 177 thousand tonnes (74% of total regional domestic consumption)
  • Per capita consumption in the MedAgri region was 2kg/yr
  • The MedAgri region produced 68% of what it consumed
Source: FAO

Regional cheese figures in the MedAgri region for 2010:
  • The MedAgri region produced about 699 thousand tonnes
  • Egypt was the largest producer with about 645 thousand tonnes (92% of total regional production)
  • The MedAgri region imported about 62 thousand tonnes
  • Egypt was the largest importer with about 26 thousand tonnes (42% of total regional imports)
  • The MedAgri region exported about 73 thousand tonnes
  • Egypt was the largest exporter with about 42 thousand tonnes (58% of total regional exports)
  • Domestic consumption in the MedAgri region was about 688 thousand tonnes
  • Egypt had the highest domestic consumption with about 629 thousand tonnes (91% of total regional domestic consumption)
  • Per capita consumption in the MedAgri region was 5kg/yr
Source: FAO

Milk and other dairy products are an essential food commodity for humans and remain a staple in the diets of most people as they contain elements for energy and building materials for growth. Milk is produced globally from only a limited number of animal species, although cow?s milk is by far the most significant and produces more than 80% of the world?s milk output, followed by buffaloes at 13%, whilst sheep, goats and camels make up for less than 5%. The composition of milk varies according to a range of factors, including species, stage of lactation and diet, although essentially the produce is an emulsion of fats, proteins, lactose, minerals and vitamins. Milk is also used to make various other products, such as powdered milk, yogurt, butter and cheese. 

Approximately 20,850 liters of milk is required to make 1 ton of powdered skimmed milk and costs around USD 350. New Zealand is the world's largest producer of milk powder, which is usually traded internationally, as opposed to fresh milk, as it is not perishable.  

Approximately 8,780 liters of milk is required to make 1 ton of butter and costs about USD 290. About 35% of the world?s milk is used for butter production, of which the United States is the world?s largest producer.  

Approximately 10,400 liters of skimmed milk is required to make 1 ton of cheddar cheese and costs about USD 440. Approximately 33% of all milk produced in the world is made into cheese, with production concentrated in Europe and North America.   

The milk and dairy sector has grown considerably in the MedAgri region over the past few decades, with total regional skimmed milk production increasing from about 934 thousand tons in 1991 to 1.5 million in 2011. Egypt is the leading producer of milk, cheese, and butter in the MedAgri region and is also a major importer of cheese and butter. In Morocco, milk is produced on about 790,000 farms and the average milk yield per cow has increased from 400kg in the 1970s to 1000kg in 2012. In Jordan the dairy sector is one of the most important livestock sectors, despite the fact that most dairy production is family operated and small scale, although low productivity has been recognized as a major problem. In Tunisia, milk production expanded from 167 million litters in 1970 to 934 million litters in 2000 and consumption of milk, butter and cheese has also grown substantially over the last three decades.

Source: FAOSTAT

For world and regional milk and dairy production and trade statistics, please refer to ?Production and trade? in the resource menu below
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